History

When we talk about cultural and material values ​​of their own homeland somehow always forget this mind his age, human transience and thousands of generations that have lived in it before our own existence.

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The first traces of life in the Benkovac area also date back to the Old Stone Age (Paleolithic), and in the period Neolithic formed the first permanent settlements and began to intensify the development of agriculture in the wider area of ​​Benkovac, Puddle, Brdina, chanterelles and Smilcici. Graduating in copper and bronze age develop fortified settlements - ruins of the Iron Age inhabited by people Liburns. As skillful sailors and pirates were the terror of the region, but they left behind, unfortunately, still unexplored, rich material culture.

Penetration of the Romans in these parts obey the Liburni but expanding the Roman way of life, culture responsible for the construction of thousands of monuments which are still greatly admire. And there was the first colony - coastal cities, and ancient cities in the narrow hinterland slowly romanized and girdle the powerful walls of large stone blocks. Accordingly changed and the religion of the population and the old cults moves to Roma polytheism.

In the 4th century in this region penetrates Christianity that it soon became the dominant religion, and built the first church in Lepuri (St. Martin), Korlat (sv. Nediljica) and Pridraga (St. Martin). But as the history otherwise happens, great migration of people falling Roman Empire, and in these areas, plunge the nomadic tribes, invaders from the east, the Avars and Slavs in the 7th century turf Salona (Solin) and other established Roman settlements. Following them in this area inhabited by pagan Slavic nation - the Croats.

Croatian-warrior-of-other-half-century-9Circumstances are changing the strengthening of Franconia in the west and when I Frankish emperor in this area sends its missionaries to Christianize the duty of this new nation that has already established the first state under the direction of Prince Trpimir.

Benkovački space also at the center of "sacred" space Croats, halfway between Knin, Nin and Biograd, on the road that are in documents called Via Magna (Great Road), parallel contemporary road Benkovac-Knin.

Occur soon and the first county and city Benkovac with the wider area fell under four Croatian counties (Novljanska, Sidraška, Bribirska and Karin County).

By creating tighter government organizations strengthens the process of Christianization, and updated and build new church buildings. Build them personally Croatian rulers or mayors and missionaries who help strengthening Christianity in the young Croatian state (Lepuri - St. Martin, Sopot - inscription of Duke Branimir Branimir dux cruatorum, Prince Croats).

Croats in the wider area also live in tribal communities (the twelve tribes), which for the first time in historical sources mention 1102. when elected Koloman king . Koloman was crowned king in Biograd, and members of these genera Croatian become his knights and occupy a special position in the Croatian medieval state.

Especially in this area highlight the tribes Subic (Bribir), Karinjani (Korlat, Kula Atlagić) Jamometi (Podlug) Gusići (Biljana, Smilčić). These situations are mentioned in the road just half way between Nin and Knin. Along the road life is now flowing very intense, as evidenced by numerous remains of medieval villages and churches (Master you - St. George, Paprečane - St. James, Praskvica - St. Nicholas, Tihlić - St. Matthew, Buković - St. Vid) .

The period between the 12th and 15th century was a period of turmoil in the region. JUŽNOHRVATSKA warrior-of-13-centuryIn the 13th century the Mongols penetrated to the very north of today's Croatian causing immigration flood of new population in the Strait. Arpad authority replaced the authority of Anjou and so began the centuries-old struggle with the new neighbor - Venice. In the background of turbulent change has developed into one nation - Turks who are at the end of the 14th century progressed towards the Croatian territory and started winning its border goods.

Poor King Ladislas of Naples in 1409 the Venice sold its rights on Dalmatia for only 100,000 ducats, and the Benkovac area becomes the time limit between the Venetian Republic and Croatian lands. Just then occur many fortresses and castles in the Benkovac area, which also constitute the border between the Venetians and Croats (Kaštel- Benkovic, Kastel Perusic, Klicevica, Korlat, Vuksic, Budak). The construction of the Kaštela Benkovic begins the history of today's Benkovac.

1527. Turks occupy Benkovac and Benkovac whole place to Zemunik threatening directly fortified cities on the coast, and in front of them fleeing a multitude of the population, the consequences of which will be felt in later centuries. In this region, the Turks keep up1683 g. when they are driven off after the great Ottoman-Venetian war. Behind Morean War (1715th-1718th) Venetians Požerevačkim peace move its border between Dalmatia and Herzegovina. The line is now called the linea Mocenigo, a territory compra Novissima or the latest acquisition. Overall, in this way moved to the border with the territory of Straight in districts and people who were left to dwell in this region was no longer in immediate danger of Ottoman incursions

During the 18th century was a time of great migrations, which in this region inhabited by a new population, mainly Stokavian which according to religious affiliation now divided into Catholics (Croats) and Orthodox (Serbs). Among both of them a lot Blaise, or how to Venetian sources called Morlachs, to give a modern, somewhat derogatory term for Kotarci and Bukovčani, Vlaji.

Croatian-noble-from-Dalmatia-18th centuryAt the time of Turkish domination victims are part of the Christian buildings, but a good number of them survived together with its customers. Where are inhabited by members of Orthodox authorities are left to them the old medieval churches of Catholics, as is the case in tuition, Buković, Kula Atlagića, Biljana Upper, ingested, Ceranje etc.

With the fall of Venice in this area comes the Austrian authorities on two occasions with a short period between the French authorities. The whole area is, generally speaking, culturally became backward and seeing materially poor but if not the poorest among the Austrian provinces. However, the coexistence of the two religious communities during the 17th, 18th and so part of the 19th century could be assessed as relatively calm with all the friction and misunderstandings that sometimes are not absent. Greater tensions are beginning to feel the end of the 19th century, and will culminate in the 20th century. They are certainly related to the process of elaborating the idea of the nation-states .

The nineteenth century was carried out in the battle of Hungary and Austria in fertile areas of Croatian lands, and as it was not enough as visibly impoverished people dying of hunger, not their own fault whole Croatia was drawn into the trenches of World War I, which suffered the area of ​​Benkovac. When the ruins of the Austrian Empire after the First World War created state of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, hegemonic concept was entirely on the work of the leadership of the Serbs in the new community. Their share in the state apparatus grew (army, police, judiciary, etc.) So the tensions between Serbs - Croats became more pronounced. Rural Serb population from the surrounding area are increasingly inhabited towns as is the case with Knin and Benkovac where in the 19th century dominated the Croatian people. After World War II it is these small towns are beginning to be the center of a growing Serbian nationalism and resistance aspirations for Croatian independence. However, 1941 was a year of milestones, resulting CIVIL and ZAVNOH, and in 1944 the Federal State of Croatia, which has collapsed NDH entry in Zagreb in 1945. The next 35 years were marked by the rule of Josip Broz - Tito. Systematic wider Greater ideas about the origin of Serbia from the Carpathians to the sea which is among the Croats spread ideas uprising - the idea of ​​the "Croatian Spring". Space Kotar in the flood of turmoil again stagnant cultural but reinforce tensions polarized communities - Croats and Serbs. and Federal State of Croatia, which has collapsed NDH entry in Zagreb in 1945. The next 35 years were marked by the rule of Josip Broz - Tito. Systematic wider Greater ideas about the origin of Serbia from the Carpathians to the sea which is among the Croats spread ideas uprising - the idea of ​​the "Croatian Spring". Space Kotar in the flood of turmoil again stagnant cultural but reinforce tensions polarized communities - Croats and Serbs. and Federal State of Croatia, which has collapsed NDH entry in Zagreb in 1945. The next 35 years were marked by the rule of Josip Broz - Tito. Systematic wider Greater ideas about the origin of Serbia from the Carpathians to the sea which is among the Croats spread ideas uprising - the idea of ​​the "Croatian Spring". Space Kotar in the flood of turmoil again stagnant cultural but reinforce tensions polarized communities - Croats and Serbs.

then comes 1991 g. Croatian nation wakes up and moves to the establishment of the independent Croatian state with dr. Franjo Tudjman led. Starts imposed war for independence and freedom which lasted for relatively short (if we take into account the length of the war through the previous century) but hurt the Croatian people more than to go another war. Benkovački is space in the Patriotic War became victims because they had for years been under occupation. Starving people, cattle, villages, churches ... Mined are all Catholic churches in the Benkovac area, and many of them were held in the reign of inovjernih Muslims during the 16th and 17th centuries.

After 1995. and the victorious "Storm", the population of the area of ​​the shaft to the old hearth and started to rebuild their churches and homes. Benkovački man went to a new life and a better future for the results of which are still visible.